netwit 2.01

Misha Glenny on #cyber-security




The problem with cyber is that your assets are not the weapons that you control. Your assets are the vulnerabilities of your actual and potential enemies. In order to know your enemies’ vulnerabilities you have to find out where they are, and once you have got hold of them you cannot afford to let go.





Misha Glenny, author of Dark Market: Cyberthieves, Cybercops and You chooses five books on cybersecurity in The Browser FiveBooks Interview: Misha Glenny on Cyber Security.


He says there are three main types:


► cyber-crime
► cyber industrial espionage
► cyber-warfare


Here he discusses his book with Charlie Rose


refs

wiki:Stuxnet



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April 13, 2012 Posted by | cyber attacks, Cyber Command, cyber crime, cyber espionage, cyber security, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber-arms, cyber-tools, cyber-war, DDOS, Evgeny Morozov, Jonathan Zittrain, Misha Glenny, Natanz, Stuxnet, Titan Rain attacks | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

#cyberwar ♦ Cyber Weapons: The New Arms Race ♦



Cyber Weapons: The New Arms Race


The Pentagon, the IMF, Google, and others have been hacked. It’s war out there, and a cyber-weapons industry is exploding to arm the combatants


By Michael Riley and Ashlee Vance, Bloomberg Businessweek, 20 July 2011



September 23, 2011 Posted by | cyber attacks, cyber espionage, cyber security, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber-war | | Leave a comment

#Internet #Egypt ~ How Egypt Killed the Internet [http://on.wsj.com/hMdA4J] [http://bit.ly/hH4AnD]



How Egypt Killed the Internet


* The techie side simplified for the Netwit



January 30, 2011 Posted by | Cory Doctorow, cyber attacks, cyber crime, cyber espionage, cyber security, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber-utopianism, cyberpunk, cyberspace, cypherpunk, Evgeny Morozov, Internet, internet activism, Internet censorship, Internet filtering, internet-centrism, social media | Leave a comment

#INTERNET #internetcensorship ~ Internet censorship in Australia and how it compares to other countries



Internet censorship in Australia


Australia is a surprising example of internent censorship. There was a recent TV report of the opening of the Canberra Cybersecurity Centre, to which American officials were invited.

When you look at the Reporters Without Frontiers map, even if you don’t know the colour code, it is easy to work one out, with China, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Tunisia and Cuba the darkest most censored countries. This suggests Australian and South Africa are next worst, which might surprise some. Since the yellow is Britain, the U.S., etc, and Africa is a light blue: this can only mean since Africa’s internet development is not advanced it won’t censor much, but that that the yellow countries do censor to some extent.






A small amount of research shows the issue of internet censorship by country isn’t as straight forward as one might assume. Nation-State Routing: Globalizing Censorship has tables which purport to show the effect of a country’s domestic internet censorship policies on international traffic. Again, another surprise: The U.S. is top of the list followed by Britain and Germany with China 8th. Another measure shows:

“Collectively, these results show that the ‘West’ continues to exercise disproportionate influence over international routing, despite the penetration of the Internet to almost every region of the world, and the rapid development of China and India.”

Perhaps cipherpunk Julian Assange knew something we didn’t and was keen to get out of there!

Why not try Herdictweb, a project of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, where you can type in a website to see if it is blocked. Can’t be bothered? Just watch the map at the top highlighting inaccesible sites and when.

refs.

Website Maps Global Web Blocks
Herdict uses volunteers to monitor Internet censorship, filtering, and outages.


January 22, 2011 Posted by | Citizen 2.0, Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act [COICA], connective knowledge, connectivism, cyber security, cyber terrorism, Internet censorship, routing censorship, Tunisia | Leave a comment

#INTERNET #encryption #PgP #P2P ~ Who owns the Internet and does it matter?



Well, I don’t that’s for certain. Just the PC, some copper cables and a router. I’ve got a computer ID and a URL for any site I maintain. I’ve no idea what happens to those little packets of digital data that stream in and out of the router. They tell me Skype is encrypted, but how would I know?

Plenty of people can learn lots about me. Social media give a lot away to anyone caring to look. Governments will almost certainly have automatic systems to check who is saying what to whom on the Internet. If they don’t they will be buying the software to do so right now.



Internet black holes

The logical direction is a full-encrypted P2P world. The downside of a PgP P2P (as opposed to client-server, where only servers supply) world is no one else can know what’s being said between these two people. (Entrance, stage left, cipherpunk Julian Assange, encryption software in hand) Sometimes even Internet People might be happy for their governments to have ways of finding things out. The trend is more towards individuals giving up their privacy in return for what the Internet and Web provides in exchange. Both governments and non-governmental organisations are taking full advantage of this while it lasts.

The give-up-your-privacy-social-media seem to be in a cross over graph with Govt 1.0 which is in the process of changing to Govt 2.0, most wholeheartedly in local govt. At the moment social media are just underneath the cross-over. WikiLeaks and others are pushing the whole thing up to the cross-over a lot quicker. The biggest thing from WikiLeaks will be a unrelenting exposure of kleptocratic government. Even non-kleptocrats will be worrying about this: so many democratic govts. have cosy relationships with kleptocrasies. France recently had one with Tunisia. Was that because they were selling them french made armaments? Some of the U.S.A’s best friends are keptocrats. Easier to do big arms deals with them, too. Who does Indonesia buy its military harware from? Israel, which is not a kleptocracy except in that the U.S. govt.hands an awful lot of American tax payer’s money over to it without asking. So in a sense it’s an inverse Kleptocracy, in which a state not individuals receives the handout. So the U.S. govt. is doing the stealing from its own people to keep another sate going.

Who owns the Internet is an important question. If governments feel they are getting locked out of individuals lives, they may want to more impose rules on Internet usage that P2P-type people don’t want or like.

Tim Bermers-Lee is the most prominent advocate of a neutral Net. Most people haven’t the faintest idea what this would mean or require in practice. It’s not going to happen if every no-democratic state keeps control of the copper wires, optical fibe and satellites they put into space.

The reason I found Wikileaks interesting and thought it would be a good idea to set up a WikiLeaks dedicated blog, was partly because it was an ideal opportunity to re-examine the wider implications of the Internet and Web. Anyone with half an ear for the digital zietgeist can’t fail to read up on the implications of WikLeaks and other areas of change in the digital arena.

One of these things is the Govt 2.0 The problem arises when a yawning Govt. 2.0 gap builds up, say between authoritarian states and democracies. This is not exactly a firm basis for net neutrality (or open data) if the U.S. becomes compeletely open and China remains closed. In fact, the ways things go, it is inevitable that the U.S. will drag China kicking and screaming intop the open world

Both types of states have an interest in reading the minds of their citizens. Interestinglt social media such as faceBook and twitter are the simplest and easiest way for them to do so. Every new digital technology has a downside.

P2P proper only arrives when there is Pretty Good privacy for all. And yet no govt. wasnt this because they have got used to checking on peopoe with the technology uptodate.

Coinciding with a recent WikiLeaks leak a lot of publicity for Govt 2.0 and visualisation techniques through the work on the WikLeaks data but others.


repost:

OPEN DATA Initiatives and visualisation techniques



January 20, 2011 Posted by | anonymity online, Canberra cyber security centre, China, connective knowledge, connectivism, cyber attacks, cyber crime, cyber espionage, cyber security, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber-utopianism, cyberspace, cypherpunk, digital forensics, digital journalism, Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), encryption, FaceBook, FGI, free government information [FGI], Government 2.0, Govt 3.0, hacker culture, info-war, information silos, Internet, internet activism, Internet filtering, Julian Assange, Mark Zuckerberg, net neutrality, network anomalies, Network security, network theory, on-line rights, Open data, open source, P2P, P2P Foundation, Peer-to-Peer, Pretty Good Privacy (PGP), privacy, Semantic Web, silo effect, social media, social networks, Tim Burners-Lee, trust models, Twitter, Web 2.0, Web 3.0, WikiLeaks | Leave a comment

#SOCIALMEDIA #cyber-utopianism #internet-centrism #BBCNewsnight [http://bit.ly/fNrj7i] @evgenymorozov ~ The Power of the Internet, Not?



Eugeny Morozov{ EM about}, author of The Net Delusion, will be on Newsnight 17 Jan 2011.



January 17, 2011 Posted by | "Collateral Murder" video, actor-network theory, Afghanistan documents, anonymity online, anonymous whistleblowing, Birgitta Jónsdóttir, Bradley Manning, Canberra cyber security centre, China, Citizen 2.0, citizen journalism, cognitive infilltration, connective knowledge, connectivism, crowd sourcing, cyber attacks, cyber crime, cyber espionage, cyber security, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber-utopianism, cyberpunk, cyberspace, Cyberspace Policy Review, cypherpunk, Daniel Domscheit-Berg, Daniel Ellsberg, data journalism, data leakage, data security, data-dump journalism, Defence Signals Directorate (DSD, Department of Homeland Security, Der Spiegel, digital forensics, digital journalism, diplomatic cables, Echelon spy system, Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), encryption, Evgeny Morozov, FaceBook, FGI, free government information [FGI], Frontline Club, Government 2.0, hacker culture, Hrafnsson, Indentity Ecosystem Framework, info-war, information silos, insider security, insider threats, Internet, internet activism, internet-centrism, investigative journalism, Iraq War 2003, Iraq war logs, Jaron Lanier, Jónsdóttir, Julian Assange, Manning, National Center for Cybersecurity and Communications (NCCC), National Security Agency [NSA], National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace, net neutrality, network anomalies, Network security, network theory, NSA, on-line rights, ontology, Open data, open source, organisational network analysis, P2P, P2P Foundation, Peer-to-Peer, Phorm, Pretty Good Privacy (PGP), privacy, Protecting Cyberspace as a National Asset Act (PCNAA), rogue employee, Semantic Web, silo effect, Single Person Organisation [SPO], social media, social networks, social semantic web, social silos, techno-libertarianism, The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto, Tim Burners-Lee, Tor, trust, trust models, Twitter, Virtual Private Network (VPN), virtual tunnel, visualisation, Web 2.0, WikiLeaks | Leave a comment

#WIKILEAKS A capacity for trust model




CEOs say creativity most important in next 5 years





Both from The Practice of Leadership blog by George Ambler.



January 15, 2011 Posted by | actor-network theory, anonymity online, anonymous whistleblowing, Citizen 2.0, citizen journalism, cognitive infilltration, connective knowledge, connectivism, conspiracy, crowd sourcing, cyber attacks, cyber crime, cyber espionage, cyber security, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber-utopianism, data leakage, data security, digital forensics, Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), encryption, Government 2.0, Govt 3.0, hacker culture, Indentity Ecosystem Framework, info-war, insider security, Internet, internet activism, investigative journalism, Julian Assange, National Center for Cybersecurity and Communications (NCCC), National Security Agency [NSA], National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace, net neutrality, network anomalies, network e-discovery, Network security, network theory, on-line rights, Open data, open source, P2P, P2P Foundation, Peer-to-Peer, Semantic Web, social media, social networks, social semantic web, trust, trust models, Twitter, Web 2.0, WikiLeaks | Leave a comment

#WIKILEAKS [@ioerror #tweetecology] #Tor #cyberprivacy ~ Wikileaks volunteer detained and searched (again) by US agents [12 Jan 2011]



Wikileaks volunteer detained and searched (again) by US agents


refs:

Jacob Applebaum Twitter @ioerror – search down the tweets for where the story starts and follow the tweets out into the tweet ecology (as it were…).

Tor

* One key point – Tor is used both by individuals and by organisations

Graphics to illustrate how Tor works

wiki:Virtual Private networks (VPN)


From http://fengnet.com/book/icuna/ch11lev1sec12.html:


There are several different places where encryption can be built in to an existing network infrastructure, corresponding to the different protocol layers:

1. On the network level— Packets traveling between hosts on the network are encrypted. The encryption engine is placed near the driver, which sends and receives packets. An implementation is found in CIPE.
2. On the socket level— A logical connection between programs running on different hosts (TCP connection; transport or session layer in OSI) is encrypted. The encryption engine intercepts or proxies connections. SSH and SSL work this way.
3. On the application level— Applications contain their own encryption engine and encrypt data themselves. The best-known example is PGP for encrypting mail.


January 13, 2011 Posted by | anonymity online, cyber attacks, cyber crime, cyber espionage, cyber security, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber-utopianism, cyberspace, cypherpunk, data leakage, data security, Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), encryption, hacker culture, Indentity Ecosystem Framework, insider security, insider threats, Internet, internet activism, Network security, Peer-to-Peer, Pretty Good Privacy (PGP), privacy, Tor, Virtual Private Network (VPN), virtual tunnel, Web 2.0 | Leave a comment

INTERNET #WEB Rethinking Conspiracy: The Political Philosophy of Julian #Assange [http://bit.ly/guyoRd]



Rethinking Conspiracy: The Polical Philosophy of Julian Assange



by


Peter Ludlow



January 12, 2011 Posted by | actor-network theory, Bradley Manning, Canberra cyber security centre, Citizen 2.0, connective knowledge, connectivism, conspiracy, cyber attacks, cyber crime, cyber espionage, cyber security, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber-utopianism, cyberspace, cypherpunk, data journalism, data leakage, Defence Signals Directorate, Department of Homeland Security, digital forensics, digital journalism, encryption, FGI, free government information [FGI], Government 2.0, Govt 3.0, hacker culture, info-war, insider security, insider threats, Internet, internet activism, Iraq war logs, Julian Assange, National Center for Cybersecurity and Communications (NCCC), National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace, Network security, network theory, P2P, P2P Foundation, techno-libertarianism, The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto, U.S. diplomatic cables, U.S.Embassy cables, Unique Personality Organisation [UPO], WikiLeaks, WikiLeaks vs. The Yes Men | Leave a comment

#INTERNET #privacy ~ Australia’s new cyber-warefare facility [http://bit.ly/fjOrlJ]



Australia’s new cyber-warefare facility



January 12, 2011 Posted by | ASIO, Canberra cyber security centre, Citizen 2.0, cognitive infilltration, connective knowledge, connectivism, conspiracy, cyber attacks, cyber crime, cyber espionage, cyber security, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, cyber-utopianism, cyberspace, Cyberspace Policy Review, cypherpunk, data journalism, data leakage, Defence Signals Directorate, Defence Signals Directorate (DSD, Department of Homeland Security, digital forensics, digital journalism, DSD, encryption, free government information [FGI], Government 2.0, Govt 3.0, hacker culture, Indentity Ecosystem Framework, info-war, information silos, insider security, insider threats, Internet, internet activism, Julian Assange, Manning, National Center for Cybersecurity and Communications (NCCC), National Security Agency [NSA], National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace, net neutrality, network anomalies, Network security, on-line rights, Open data, open source, P2P, P2P Foundation, Peer-to-Peer, Phorm, privacy, Protecting Cyberspace as a National Asset Act (PCNAA), Semantic Web, silo effect, Single Person Organisation [SPO], social media, social networks, social semantic web, techno-libertarianism, The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto, Tim Burners-Lee, U.S. diplomatic cables, U.S.Embassy cables, Unique Personality Organisation [UPO], Web 2.0, Web 3.0, WikiLeaks | Leave a comment